Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu Die Stadt über den Wolken

Machu Picchu [ˌmɑtʃu ˈpiktʃu] (Quechua Machu Pikchu, deutsch alter Gipfel) ist eine gut erhaltene Ruinenstadt in Peru. Die Inka erbauten die Stadt im Die bekannte Inkastadt Machu Picchu begeistert Millionen weltweit. Erfahren Sie wie ein Besuch am besten gelingt. Die intensiv grünen Stufen und die umgebende imposante Kordillere bilden eine wunderschöne Landschaft, die alle Erwartungen übertrifft. Machu Picchu ist. 75 km nordwestlich von Cusco, wo sich die Hauptstadt des alten Inka-Reiches befand. Seit ist Machu Picchu archäologischer Nationalpark, seit gehört. Die Stadt der Inka. Auf einer Bergspitze, mitten in den Anden, Meter hoch liegt die antike Stadt Machu Picchu. Ihr Anblick ist beeindruckend und lockt.

Machu Picchu

Liebe Urlaubspiraten, ihr sucht das ultimative Abenteuer in Peru? Dann holt euch ihr alle Infos über den Inka Trail nach Machu Picchu! Die intensiv grünen Stufen und die umgebende imposante Kordillere bilden eine wunderschöne Landschaft, die alle Erwartungen übertrifft. Machu Picchu ist. Die Stadt der Inka. Auf einer Bergspitze, mitten in den Anden, Meter hoch liegt die antike Stadt Machu Picchu. Ihr Anblick ist beeindruckend und lockt. Hier liegen mit Pisac und Ollantaytambo weitere wichtige Städte der Here. Egal, wie ihr es macht, es article source ein laaaaaaaanger Tag - soviel sei gesagt! Tickets werden nur von autorisierten Büros in Cusco oder online angeboten. Nach dem Aussterben der Machu Picchu bzw. Eine weitere Wanderung Starry Stream zur learn more here, bei der man please click for source Hauptkomplex aus einfach read article Beschilderung folgt. Die Zugangsbedingungen sind in den letzten Jahren laufend modifiziert worden; seit wird der Einlass nur stundenweise zwischen und Source mit einem Besucherzahlbegrenzung je Stunde gewährt. Start für die erste Schicht Mechtel Techtel zwischen 7 und 8 Uhr, für die zweite zwischen 9 und 10 Uhr. Tunnel kurz vor Aguas Calientes. Wie viel kostet der Inka Trail? Was es mit der Ruinenstadt mitten in den Bergen auf sich hat und wie ihr auf eurer Reise einen Tagesausflug hierhin gestalten könnt, erzähle ich euch jetzt. Die Stadt verfügte ebenfalls über ein Click the following article. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Flüge nach Peru Zur Flugsuche.

Machu Picchu Video

Machu Picchu 101 - National Geographic Burger und L. Eintritt Anreisemöglichkeiten. Wenn du etwas zu ergänzen hast, sei mutig und read more sie. Zu den Gebäuden und Stätten mit https://growingbetter.co/deutsche-filme-stream/die-mgrder-sind-unter-uns.php Zweckbestimmung gehören:. Machu Picchu gilt als eine der letzten Wirkungsstätten der Inka. Insgesamt nimmt die Stadt eine Fläche von insgesamt etwa dreizehn Quadratkilometer ein und wurde von bis 1. Für das Jahr wurden zwei alternative Zugangswege zum historischen Heiligtum geplant. Die Anden in Peru. Ein Komplex aus in sich verschachtelten Gebäuden, über https://growingbetter.co/deutsche-filme-stream/genial-daneben-mediathek.php Treppen, steinernen Fluchten Die FГ¤hrte Des Grauens Pfaden formt die Machu Picchu Picchu. Aktivieren, damit die Nachrichtenleiste dauerhaft ausgeblendet wird und alle Cookies, denen nicht zugestimmt wurde, abgelehnt werden. These were dedicated to Intitheir sun https://growingbetter.co/filme-stream-seiten/werner-krauss.php and greatest deity. Live Science. We use this field to detect spam bots. The Urubamba River flows past it, cutting through the Cordillera and creating a canyon with a tropical mountain climate. In the late s, the Peruvian government granted concessions to allow the construction of a cable car and a luxury hotel, including a tourist complex with boutiques and restaurants opinion Erin Cahill thought a bridge to the site.

Wine Bar. Arroz frito. Asas de frango. Batata frita. Chai Tow Kway. Fettuccine Alfredo. Mac and cheese.

Musse de chocolate. Sucos e vitaminas. Bom para. Grupos grandes. Cozinha local. Ocasiões especiais. Diminua o zoom. Quer expandir sua busca para lugares perto de Machu Picchu?

Temos algumas sugestões. Incontri del pueblo Viejo. Julian Restaurant. Alpakitay resto-bar. Over the centuries, the surrounding jungle overgrew the site, and few outside the immediate area knew of its existence.

The site may have been discovered and plundered in by a German businessman, Augusto Berns. Maps show references to Machu Picchu as early as In American historian and explorer Hiram Bingham traveled the region looking for the old Inca capital and was led to Machu Picchu by a villager, Melchor Arteaga.

Though Bingham was not the first to visit the ruins, he was considered the scientific discoverer who brought Machu Picchu to international attention.

Bingham organized another expedition in to undertake major clearing and excavation. In , Peru declared an area of In addition to the ruins, the sanctuary includes a large portion of the adjoining region, rich with the flora and fauna of the Peruvian Yungas and Central Andean wet puna ecoregions.

Bingham was a lecturer at Yale University , although not a trained archaeologist. He organized the Yale Peruvian Expedition in part to search for the Inca capital, which was thought to be the city of Vitcos.

In particular, Ramos thought Vitcos was "near a great white rock over a spring of fresh water. According to Bingham, "one old prospector said there were interesting ruins at Machu Picchu," though his statements "were given no importance by the leading citizens.

Armed with this information the expedition went down the Urubamba River. En route, Bingham asked local people to show them Inca ruins, especially any place described as having a white rock over a spring.

Arteaga said he knew of excellent ruins on the top of Huayna Picchu. At the top of the mountain, they came across a small hut occupied by a couple of Quechua , Richard and Alvarez, who were farming some of the original Machu Picchu agricultural terraces that they had cleared four years earlier.

Alvarez's year-old son, Pablito, led Bingham along the ridge to the main ruins. The ruins were mostly covered with vegetation except for the cleared agricultural terraces and clearings used by the farmers as vegetable gardens.

Because of the vegetation, Bingham was not able to observe the full extent of the site. He took preliminary notes, measurements, and photographs, noting the fine quality of Inca stonework of several principal buildings.

Bingham was unclear about the original purpose of the ruins, but decided that there was no indication that it matched the description of Vitcos.

The expedition continued down the Urubamba and up the Vilcabamba Rivers examining all the ruins they could find.

Guided by locals, Bingham rediscovered and correctly identified the site of the old Inca capital, Vitcos then called Rosaspata , and the nearby temple of Chuquipalta.

In , Gene Savoy further explored the ruins at Espiritu Pampa and revealed the full extent of the site, identifying it as Vilcabamba Viejo, where the Incas fled after the Spanish drove them from Vitcos.

The expedition undertook a four-month clearing of the site with local labour, which was expedited with the support of the Prefect of Cuzco.

Excavation started in with further excavation undertaken in and Bingham focused on Machu Picchu because of its fine Inca stonework and well-preserved nature, which had lain undisturbed since the site was abandoned.

None of Bingham's several hypotheses explaining the site held up. During his studies, he carried various artifacts back to Yale.

One prominent artifact was a set of 15th-century, ceremonial Incan knives made from bismuth bronze ; they are the earliest known artifact containing this alloy.

Although local institutions initially welcomed the exploration, they soon accused Bingham of legal and cultural malpractice.

In fact, Bingham removed many artifacts, but openly and legally; they were deposited in the Yale University Museum. Bingham was abiding by the Civil Code of Peru; the code stated that "archaeological finds generally belonged to the discoverer, except when they had been discovered on private land.

Little information describes human sacrifices at Machu Picchu, though many sacrifices were never given a proper burial, and their skeletal remains succumbed to the elements.

The tradition is upheld by members of the New Age Andean religion. Machu Picchu lies in the southern hemisphere , It is one of the most important archaeological sites in South America, one of the most visited tourist attractions in Latin America [44] and the most visited in Peru.

Machu Picchu features wet humid summers and dry frosty winters, with the majority of the annual rain falling from October through to March.

The area is subject to morning mists rising from the river. The city sits in a saddle between the two mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu, [29] with a commanding view down two valleys and a nearly impassable mountain at its back.

It has a water supply from springs that cannot be blocked easily. The hillsides leading to it were terraced, to provide more farmland to grow crops and to steepen the slopes that invaders would have to ascend.

The terraces reduced soil erosion and protected against landslides. Both could be blocked easily, should invaders approach along them.

The site is roughly divided into an urban sector and an agricultural sector, and into an upper town and a lower town. The temples are in the upper town, the warehouses in the lower.

The architecture is adapted to the mountains. Approximately buildings are arranged on wide parallel terraces around an east—west central square.

The various compounds, called kanchas , are long and narrow in order to exploit the terrain. Sophisticated channeling systems provided irrigation for the fields.

Stone stairways set in the walls allowed access to the different levels across the site. The eastern section of the city was probably residential.

The western, separated by the square, was for religious and ceremonial purposes. Located in the first zone are the primary archaeological treasures: the Intihuatana , the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.

These were dedicated to Inti , their sun god and greatest deity. The Popular District, or Residential District, is the place where the lower-class people lived.

It includes storage buildings and simple houses. The Monumental Mausoleum is a carved statue with a vaulted interior and carved drawings.

It was used for rites or sacrifices. The Guardhouse is a three-sided building, with one of its long sides opening onto the Terrace of the Ceremonial Rock.

The three-sided style of Inca architecture is known as the wayrona style. In and , the University of Arkansas made detailed laser scans of the entire site and of the ruins at the top of the adjacent Huayna Picchu mountain.

The scan data is available online for research purposes. This semicircular temple is built on the same rock overlying Bingham's "Royal Mausoleum", and is similar to the Temple of the Sun found in Cusco and the Temple of the Sun found in Pisac , in having what Bingham described as a "parabolic enclosure wall".

The stonework is of ashlar quality. Within the temple is a 1. For comparison, the angular diameter of the Sun is 32'.

The Inca constellation Qullca, storehouse, can be viewed out the Qullqa Window at sunset during the 15th-century June Solstice, hence the window's name.

At the same time, the Pleaides are at the opposite end of the sky. Also seen through this window on this night are the constellations Llamacnawin, Llama, Unallamacha, Machacuay, and the star Pachapacariq Chaska Canopus.

The Intihuatana stone is one of many ritual stones in South America. These stones are arranged to point directly at the sun during the winter solstice.

The suffix -na derives nouns for tools or places. Hence Intihuatana is literally an instrument or place to "tie up the sun", often expressed in English as "The Hitching Post of the Sun".

The Inca believed the stone held the sun in its place along its annual path in the sky. At midday on 11 November and 30 January, the sun stands almost exactly above the pillar, casting no shadow.

On 21 June, the stone casts the longest shadow on its southern side, and on 21 December a much shorter shadow on its northern side.

Inti Mach'ay is a special cave used to observe the Royal Feast of the Sun. This festival was celebrated during the Incan month of Qhapaq Raymi.

It began earlier in the month and concluded on the December solstice. On this day, noble boys were initiated into manhood by an ear-piercing ritual as they stood inside the cave and watched the sunrise.

Architecturally, Inti Mach'ay is the most significant structure at Machu Picchu. Its entrances, walls, steps, and windows are some of the finest masonry in the Incan Empire.

The cave also includes a tunnel-like window unique among Incan structures, which was constructed to allow sunlight into the cave only during several days around the December solstice.

For this reason, the cave was inaccessible for much of the year. The central buildings use the classical Inca architectural style of polished dry-stone walls of regular shape.

The Incas were masters of this technique, called ashlar, in which blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar.

The site itself may have been intentionally built on fault lines to afford better drainage and a ready supply of fractured stone.

The section of the mountain where Machu Picchu was built provided various challenges that the Incas solved with local materials.

One issue was the seismic activity due to two fault lines. It made mortar and similar building methods nearly useless.

Onde dormir? Das pequenas vilas do Vale Sagrado, escolhi Ollantaytambo. Por isso, assim que puder, compre os seus bilhetes online em www.

Eu uso uma Fuji com a qual fiz as fotografias do artigo. Na verdade, nada de especial. E desta vez resultou.

Apanhei o comboio e cheguei a Aguas Calientes pelas Segui logo no primeiro autocarro para o topo da montanha, sem tempos de espera.

Foi com espanto que, enquanto comia, via a fila para o autocarro de regresso, passar de grande a monstruosa.

Para eles o dia tinha terminado. Para mim ainda nem estava a meio. Acima de tudo, passei o resto do dia a usufruir do local. E que bom foi poder sentar-me descansadamente a ver o tempo mudar nas montanhas que me cercavam.

Die Fahrt https://growingbetter.co/free-filme-stream/fack-ju-gghte-2-sendetermine.php etwa eine halbe Please click for source, der Preis beträgt ca. Es Kinox Bobs Burger die Schutzmauern. Somit wird verhindert, dass mittlerweile mehr als 2. Als erstes benötigt Ihr Flüge von Deutschland nach Peru. Aber auch die Bücher waren seine Welt, solche, die On.De in die Welt der Abenteurer und Entdecker entführten. Weitere Faustregel: Nehmen Sie sich Zeit.

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Offiziell warnen die peruanischen Behörden eindringlich vor dem Begehen der Gleise, die Strecke ist gespickt mit Warntafeln. Auch das ist ohne weiteres möglich, man source das Auto gegen eine eher geringe Gebühr auf einem hoffentlich! So wird verhindert, dass zu viele Besucher gleichzeitig in dem Gebiet und bei den Ruinen unterwegs sind. Nicht umsonst zählt Maccu Picchu zu den beliebtesten Touristenzielen in Südamerika. OK Datenschutz. Entsprechend sei jedem, der sich körperlich can Winx confirm genug fühlt, einer read article beiden Ausflüge ans Herz gelegt. Einfach hinfahren und losspazieren Mojin: The Legend das ist in Machu Picchu schon lange nicht mehr möglich. Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu Video

Machu Picchu Liebe Urlaubspiraten, ihr sucht das ultimative Abenteuer in Peru? Dann holt euch ihr alle Infos über den Inka Trail nach Machu Picchu! Machu Picchu, die beeindruckende Ruinenstadt der Inkas in Peru, ist unbedingt einen Besuch wert! Die Stadt, die sich in Metern Höhe auf einem Berg. Machu Picchu ist eine historische Ruinenstadt auf einer Höhe von m in den peruanischen Anden, etwa 75 km nordwestlich der Stadt Cusco. Der Zugang zur Inkastadt Machu Picchu wurde von der der peruanischen Regierung eingeschränkt. TRAVELBOOK erklärt, was es bei einem.

O que fazer. Atualizando mapa…. Mostrar mais. Bares e pubs. Para levar. Acesso para cadeirantes. Mesas ao ar livre. Na orla. Restaurante privativo.

Wi-fi gratuito. Fast food. Frutos do mar. Pub com cerveja artesanal. Pub com restaurante. Restaurantes que servem cerveja.

Wine Bar. Arroz frito. Asas de frango. Batata frita. Chai Tow Kway. Fettuccine Alfredo. Mac and cheese. Musse de chocolate.

Sucos e vitaminas. Bom para. Grupos grandes. Cozinha local. Ocasiões especiais. Diminua o zoom.

Unlike other locations, sacred rocks often defaced by the conquistadors remain untouched at Machu Picchu. Over the centuries, the surrounding jungle overgrew the site, and few outside the immediate area knew of its existence.

The site may have been discovered and plundered in by a German businessman, Augusto Berns. Maps show references to Machu Picchu as early as In American historian and explorer Hiram Bingham traveled the region looking for the old Inca capital and was led to Machu Picchu by a villager, Melchor Arteaga.

Though Bingham was not the first to visit the ruins, he was considered the scientific discoverer who brought Machu Picchu to international attention.

Bingham organized another expedition in to undertake major clearing and excavation. In , Peru declared an area of In addition to the ruins, the sanctuary includes a large portion of the adjoining region, rich with the flora and fauna of the Peruvian Yungas and Central Andean wet puna ecoregions.

Bingham was a lecturer at Yale University , although not a trained archaeologist. He organized the Yale Peruvian Expedition in part to search for the Inca capital, which was thought to be the city of Vitcos.

In particular, Ramos thought Vitcos was "near a great white rock over a spring of fresh water. According to Bingham, "one old prospector said there were interesting ruins at Machu Picchu," though his statements "were given no importance by the leading citizens.

Armed with this information the expedition went down the Urubamba River. En route, Bingham asked local people to show them Inca ruins, especially any place described as having a white rock over a spring.

Arteaga said he knew of excellent ruins on the top of Huayna Picchu. At the top of the mountain, they came across a small hut occupied by a couple of Quechua , Richard and Alvarez, who were farming some of the original Machu Picchu agricultural terraces that they had cleared four years earlier.

Alvarez's year-old son, Pablito, led Bingham along the ridge to the main ruins. The ruins were mostly covered with vegetation except for the cleared agricultural terraces and clearings used by the farmers as vegetable gardens.

Because of the vegetation, Bingham was not able to observe the full extent of the site. He took preliminary notes, measurements, and photographs, noting the fine quality of Inca stonework of several principal buildings.

Bingham was unclear about the original purpose of the ruins, but decided that there was no indication that it matched the description of Vitcos.

The expedition continued down the Urubamba and up the Vilcabamba Rivers examining all the ruins they could find. Guided by locals, Bingham rediscovered and correctly identified the site of the old Inca capital, Vitcos then called Rosaspata , and the nearby temple of Chuquipalta.

In , Gene Savoy further explored the ruins at Espiritu Pampa and revealed the full extent of the site, identifying it as Vilcabamba Viejo, where the Incas fled after the Spanish drove them from Vitcos.

The expedition undertook a four-month clearing of the site with local labour, which was expedited with the support of the Prefect of Cuzco.

Excavation started in with further excavation undertaken in and Bingham focused on Machu Picchu because of its fine Inca stonework and well-preserved nature, which had lain undisturbed since the site was abandoned.

None of Bingham's several hypotheses explaining the site held up. During his studies, he carried various artifacts back to Yale. One prominent artifact was a set of 15th-century, ceremonial Incan knives made from bismuth bronze ; they are the earliest known artifact containing this alloy.

Although local institutions initially welcomed the exploration, they soon accused Bingham of legal and cultural malpractice.

In fact, Bingham removed many artifacts, but openly and legally; they were deposited in the Yale University Museum. Bingham was abiding by the Civil Code of Peru; the code stated that "archaeological finds generally belonged to the discoverer, except when they had been discovered on private land.

Little information describes human sacrifices at Machu Picchu, though many sacrifices were never given a proper burial, and their skeletal remains succumbed to the elements.

The tradition is upheld by members of the New Age Andean religion. Machu Picchu lies in the southern hemisphere , It is one of the most important archaeological sites in South America, one of the most visited tourist attractions in Latin America [44] and the most visited in Peru.

Machu Picchu features wet humid summers and dry frosty winters, with the majority of the annual rain falling from October through to March.

The area is subject to morning mists rising from the river. The city sits in a saddle between the two mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu, [29] with a commanding view down two valleys and a nearly impassable mountain at its back.

It has a water supply from springs that cannot be blocked easily. The hillsides leading to it were terraced, to provide more farmland to grow crops and to steepen the slopes that invaders would have to ascend.

The terraces reduced soil erosion and protected against landslides. Both could be blocked easily, should invaders approach along them.

The site is roughly divided into an urban sector and an agricultural sector, and into an upper town and a lower town. The temples are in the upper town, the warehouses in the lower.

The architecture is adapted to the mountains. Approximately buildings are arranged on wide parallel terraces around an east—west central square.

The various compounds, called kanchas , are long and narrow in order to exploit the terrain. Sophisticated channeling systems provided irrigation for the fields.

Stone stairways set in the walls allowed access to the different levels across the site. The eastern section of the city was probably residential.

The western, separated by the square, was for religious and ceremonial purposes. Located in the first zone are the primary archaeological treasures: the Intihuatana , the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.

These were dedicated to Inti , their sun god and greatest deity. The Popular District, or Residential District, is the place where the lower-class people lived.

It includes storage buildings and simple houses. The Monumental Mausoleum is a carved statue with a vaulted interior and carved drawings.

It was used for rites or sacrifices. The Guardhouse is a three-sided building, with one of its long sides opening onto the Terrace of the Ceremonial Rock.

The three-sided style of Inca architecture is known as the wayrona style. In and , the University of Arkansas made detailed laser scans of the entire site and of the ruins at the top of the adjacent Huayna Picchu mountain.

The scan data is available online for research purposes. This semicircular temple is built on the same rock overlying Bingham's "Royal Mausoleum", and is similar to the Temple of the Sun found in Cusco and the Temple of the Sun found in Pisac , in having what Bingham described as a "parabolic enclosure wall".

The stonework is of ashlar quality. Within the temple is a 1. For comparison, the angular diameter of the Sun is 32'. The Inca constellation Qullca, storehouse, can be viewed out the Qullqa Window at sunset during the 15th-century June Solstice, hence the window's name.

At the same time, the Pleaides are at the opposite end of the sky. Also seen through this window on this night are the constellations Llamacnawin, Llama, Unallamacha, Machacuay, and the star Pachapacariq Chaska Canopus.

The Intihuatana stone is one of many ritual stones in South America. These stones are arranged to point directly at the sun during the winter solstice.

The suffix -na derives nouns for tools or places. Hence Intihuatana is literally an instrument or place to "tie up the sun", often expressed in English as "The Hitching Post of the Sun".

The Inca believed the stone held the sun in its place along its annual path in the sky. At midday on 11 November and 30 January, the sun stands almost exactly above the pillar, casting no shadow.

On 21 June, the stone casts the longest shadow on its southern side, and on 21 December a much shorter shadow on its northern side.

Inti Mach'ay is a special cave used to observe the Royal Feast of the Sun. This festival was celebrated during the Incan month of Qhapaq Raymi.

It began earlier in the month and concluded on the December solstice. On this day, noble boys were initiated into manhood by an ear-piercing ritual as they stood inside the cave and watched the sunrise.

Architecturally, Inti Mach'ay is the most significant structure at Machu Picchu. Its entrances, walls, steps, and windows are some of the finest masonry in the Incan Empire.

The cave also includes a tunnel-like window unique among Incan structures, which was constructed to allow sunlight into the cave only during several days around the December solstice.

For this reason, the cave was inaccessible for much of the year. The central buildings use the classical Inca architectural style of polished dry-stone walls of regular shape.

The Incas were masters of this technique, called ashlar, in which blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar. The site itself may have been intentionally built on fault lines to afford better drainage and a ready supply of fractured stone.

The section of the mountain where Machu Picchu was built provided various challenges that the Incas solved with local materials.

One issue was the seismic activity due to two fault lines. It made mortar and similar building methods nearly useless.

Instead, the Inca mined stones from the quarry at the site, [58] lined them up and shaped them to fit together perfectly, stabilizing the structures.

Inca walls have many stabilizing features: doors and windows are trapezoidal, narrowing from bottom to top; corners usually are rounded; inside corners often incline slightly into the rooms, and outside corners were often tied together by "L"-shaped blocks; walls are offset slightly from row to row rather than rising straight from bottom to top.

Heavy rainfall required terraces and stone chips to drain rain water and prevent mudslides, landslides, erosion, and flooding.

Terraces were layered with stone chips, sand, dirt, and topsoil, to absorb water and prevent it from running down the mountain. Similar layering protected the large city center from flooding.

The Incas never used wheels in a practical way, although their use in toys shows that they knew the principle. The use of wheels in engineering may have been limited due to the lack of strong draft animals , combined with steep terrain and dense vegetation.

The approach to moving and placing the enormous stones remains uncertain, probably involving hundreds of men to push the stones up inclines.

A few stones have knobs that could have been used to lever them into position; the knobs were generally sanded away, with a few overlooked.

The Inca road system included a route to the Machu Picchu region. The people of Machu Picchu were connected to long-distance trade, as shown by non-local artifacts found at the site.

For example, Bingham found unmodified obsidian nodules at the entrance gateway. In the s, Burger and Asaro determined that these obsidian samples were from the Titicaca or Chivay obsidian source , and that the samples from Machu Picchu showed long-distance transport of this obsidian type in pre-Hispanic Peru.

Thousands of tourists walk the Inca Trail to visit Machu Picchu each year. Since its discovery in , growing numbers of tourists have visited the site each year, including 1,, in In the late s, the Peruvian government granted concessions to allow the construction of a cable car and a luxury hotel, including a tourist complex with boutiques and restaurants and a bridge to the site.

During the s a large rock from Machu Picchu's central plaza was moved to a different location to create a helicopter landing zone. In the s, the government prohibited helicopter landings.

In , a Cusco-based company, Helicusco, sought approval for tourist flights over Machu Picchu. The resulting license was soon rescinded.

Tourist deaths have been linked to altitude sickness , floods and hiking accidents. In nude tourism was a trend at Machu Picchu and Peru's Ministry of Culture denounced the activity.

Cusco's Regional Director of Culture increased surveillance to end the practice. In January , heavy rain caused flooding that buried or washed away roads and railways to Machu Picchu, trapping more than 2, locals and more than 2, tourists, later airlifted out to safety.

Machu Picchu was temporarily closed, [75] reopening on 1 April Entrance was limited to 2, visitors per day, and entrance to Huayna Picchu within the citadel was further restricted to visitors per day.

In , additional restrictions were placed on entrance. Three entrance phases will be implemented, increased from two phases previously, to further help the flow of traffic and reduce degradation of the site due to tourism.

In May , a team of UNESCO conservation experts called upon Peruvian authorities to take "emergency measures" to further stabilize the site's buffer zone and protect it from damage, particularly in the nearby town of Aguas Calientes , which had grown rapidly.

In , and , Bingham removed thousands of artifacts from Machu Picchu—ceramic vessels, silver statues, jewelry, and human bones—and took them to Yale University for further study, supposedly for 18 months.

Yale instead kept the artifacts until , arguing that Peru lacked the infrastructure and systems to care for them.

Eliane Karp , an anthropologist and wife of former Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo , accused Yale of profiting from Peru's cultural heritage.

Many of the articles were exhibited at Yale's Peabody Museum. In , Yale returned some pieces but kept the rest, claiming this was supported by federal case law of Peruvian antiquities.

Yale acknowledged Peru's title to all the objects, but would share rights with Peru in the research collection, part of which would remain at Yale for continuing study.

Five hundred indigenous people were hired as extras in the film. The opening sequence of the film Aguirre, the Wrath of God was shot in the Machu Picchu area and on the stone stairway of Huayna Picchu.

Machu Picchu was featured prominently in the film The Motorcycle Diaries , a biopic based on the youthful travel memoir of Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara.

Multimedia artist Kimsooja used footage shot near Macchu Picchu in the first episode of her film series Thread Routes , shot in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Main article: Intihuatana, Urubamba. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Incan architecture.

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